What is Infra-low Frequency (ILF) Neurofeedback?

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Neurofeedback (NFB) is a form of brain training to improve functioning. Infra-Low Frequency (ILF) Neurofeedback is a type of neurofeedback that focuses on both higher frequency brain waves, as well as extremely low frequency brain waves. 


NFB is a safe, non-invasive and non-verbal approach. It works by engaging the brain’s own mechanisms of self-regulation. NFB is not about learning to relax. The client is instructed not to try and do anything beyond attending to the process. 


NFB is a true “Low-Barrier” treatment. It requires no effort on the part of the client. It can be done with clients of any age, from infants to the elderly. It is compassion-informed, non-judgmental and non-triggering.

Neurofeedback makes sense to clients. Clients understand that their brain is stuck in hypervigilance, hyper-excitability, and/or dysregulation. They know that this is not by choice, but a consequence of events in their life.  NFB does not suppress normal emotions, energy or creativity. Rather it opens possibilities for clients who are otherwise unable to reach their potential.



Four to five EEG sensors are placed on the

scalp to pick up brain wave activity that control

the feedback on the screen. Clients watch a

video or play a video game that provides the

brain feedback on its performance. For example, in the video game, a race car might speed up and slow down; whereas when watching a movie, the picture gets bigger and smaller. Clients can also hold a stuffed animal that is designed to vibrate as part of the feedback process.   


The brain observes this activity and, by  the method of Associative Learning, improves its own self-regulatory skills. The brain does not need to be told what  to do - it naturally improves its own performance based on feedback on its own activity in real time. This is a fundamental law of all skill learning. Self-regulation is the brain’s foundational skill. 

Because the feedback is embedded in either a movie or video game format and requires no conscious effort, it can be used with clients across the life span or who demonstrate little insight or even actively participate in the therapy.

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NFB is pan-diagnostic because improved neural self-regulation impacts:

  • Focus

  • Sleep

  • Mood

  • Pain

  • Emotional regulation

  • Impulse control

  • Energy

  • Social awareness

ILF neurofeedback has been  used to address:

  • Anxiety

  • Depression

  • PTSD (Read More)

  • Suicidality

  • Substance abuse

  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)


  • Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Pain

  • Migraines

  • Schizophrenia



It can be used with client populations who typically don’t do well with verbally mediated therapies. It can be used with extremely wary clients as it requires no self-disclosure. Yet it can be readily integrated into talk therapy. It has been used with clients from a wide-range of cultures including Iraqi, Congolese and Tibetan refugees, Native-Americans, and in Asian, Middle Eastern and Latin American countries. In the US, it has demonstrated its effectiveness with the underserved and marginalized communities. 


In Europe, ILF Neurofeedback is approved for use by psychiatrists and occupational therapists in addition to mental health counselors. In the US and abroad, ILF NFB has been implemented within a wide-range of settings, including:

  • Community mental health programs

  • Veterans services

  • School special education services

  • Substance abuse programs

  • Foster care programs

  • Programs for recently released prisoners

  • Programs serving the homeless

  • Programs serving battered women

  • Drug courts

  • Domestic violence programs


We know that NFB works within our existing healthcare system. View our current partners


Existing employees can be trained in 36 hours, with training spread over several weeks using an online format. Learn more about our next training program.

Neurofeedback has huge cost/benefit implications. High utilizers are known to account for a significant portion of medical expenditures. Behavioral concerns are common with many medical high utilizers. NFB can work with these clients.

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